Glossary

Air-covered:
A particular process whereby Lycra® is covered with a continuous filament yarn.

Alternating:
During the manufacture of tights, Lycra® is frequently knitted (alternating) into every second row.

Anatomic:
Special knitting technique created for Philippe Matignon to stimulate circulation and comfort on the leg.

Appearance:
The term denier does not refer to the thickness of the yarn in this case, but instead to the appearance of the tights (sheer, semi-sheer, opaque).

Antiscivolo:
Silicone foot tread

Bas:
Thigh highs without silicone.

Bas-Jarretiere:
Thigh highs.

Bicomponent yarn:
A yarn where two different basic materials with differing shrinkage characteristics are joined into a single filament.

Bouclé/Crochet:
An effect created with yarns with loops or ringlets.

Brilliant:
Tights or leggings with luxuriously iridescent, opaque material.

Cashmere:
The finest soft wool obtained from the Kashmir goat (e.g. Kachemire tights, Kachemire mi-bas).

Collant:
Full tight.

Colour Swatch:
Texture and colour swatch.

Control Top:
Top tights with figure-shaping panty section.

Cotton:
Often used in combination with other materials (e.g. Biologique).

Decitex:
(Abbreviation: dtex) Metric measure for description purposes.

Denier:
The thickness of synthetic thread is measured in denier:
Denier (den) is an old French unit of measurement that states how many grams 9,000 meters of a particular yarn weigh. This depends on the thickness of the yarn.

Examples:
9,000 m of a yarn weigh 30 g = 30 den
9,000 m of a yarn weigh 70 g = 70 den
The more denier a yarn has, the stronger and more robust it is. However, this does not automatically mean the more denier the more opaque. Opaqueness depends on the composition of the polyamide, i.e. whether the filaments are thick or thin.

A thread can consist of many filaments (multifil yarn), it can be very soft and thin (small amount of denier) and yet it can be highly opaque. There are yarns that consist of only a few strong filaments. These are not so soft to the touch but they are opaque.

This term is stated on the back of every pair of Philippe Matignon solid tights pack and states how the tights appear on the leg (Sheer vs. Opaque).

Double Covered Lycra®:
Lycra® wrapped inside and outside, mostly with smooth Nylon, one wrap anticlockwise, one clockwise.

Elastane:
A general umbrella term for super elastic fibres that can be combined with all natural fibres and synthetic fibres.

Fibre:
The basic material - be it natural or synthetic - from which textile yarns and fabrics are produced.

Fibril:
A tiny threadlike element of a continuous synthetic fibre.

Filament:
A single fibre in continuous synthetic fibres.

Finish:
Describes all processes that tights go through once knitted, in order to obtain their colour, texture and shape.

Flat Seam:
Seam sewn flat in order to sit comfortably without digging into the body.

Forming:
A stocking is pulled over a leg form and given its leg shape by the application of heat.

Footsies:
Hosiery article not visible in a closed shoe, protecting the foot (e.g. Chaussettine).

Hygienic Gusset:
A triangular piece made of breathable fabric for hygiene inserted into hosiery to add breadth.

Logic:
Support function is not achieved with a knitted waistband or sewn-on waistband, but with a 10 cm long support zone in the upper panty section. This means no pressure on tummy and waist.

Lycra®:
Brand name for elastane from INVISTA (formerly DuPont).

Lycra® 3D:
Lycra® is knitted into every stitch and every row. This creates a superbly even look, maximum elasticity and extraordinary fit. Developed in 1991. The majority of Philippe Matignon tights are produced with Lycra 3D technology.

Maglia:
Philippe Matignon seamless tops.

Matt:
No shine.

Merino:
Material made of the fine wool of Merino sheep.

Mi Bas:
Knee highs.

Microfilament, microfibre:
Consists of very many fine single filaments or single fibres (1.0 - 0.3 dtex).

Micromesh:
Durable knitting design where stitches only run upwards. Because it looks a little coarse and has a pattern similar to honeycomb it is rarely used for the leg but rather generally for reinforcing the panty section (panty section Absolute Support with Control Top).

Nylon:
Another term for polyamide.

Opaque:
Not see-through.

Pantacollant:
Legging.

Reciprocated heel:
Knitted heel on tights (as opposed to formed heel).

Polyamide:
Synthetic fibre: main component in the material composition of tights.

Polyester:
Synthetic fibre.

Parisienne:
Over the knee sock or stocking

Shaping:
Forming and supporting effect on certain parts of the body (Slimette Charme).

Sandal Toe:
Seam of hosiery toe sewn in a way to be hidden when wearing with samdals.

Sheers:
Group of transparent legwear items.

Silicone:
Stay-up lace or smooth ribbons that are coated on back with silicone, providing superior adhesion on leg.

Stay-up:
Hold-up stocking with a (lace) ribbon coated on the back with silicone.

Wrapped Lycra®:
Lycra® wrapped with polyamide, material used most in the hosiery industry.

Reinforced:
Sections that are particularly stressed, such as toe section, heel or panty, are made more durable with added knitted-in Nylon.

Viscose:
Synthetic fibre made of a natural basic material (cellulose).

Vita Bassa:
Low-rise hipster cut (good for backless dresses, won't show waistline in tighter tops)